Varna is not only the factual tourism capital of the country and Bulgaria’s third largest city but also one of Europe’s most ancient cities. It is in Varna vicinities where, during the excavations of the Varna necropolis, the oldest gold treasure of the world has been found, now displayed in Varna Archaeological Museum.
Varna is also a summer capital city and host of numerous cultural events such as Varna Summer International Ballet Festival, which turns the city into a centre of international cultural tourism.
The city is proud of its Cathedral Uspenie na Sv. Bogoroditsa (Assumption of the Virgin Mary). Other sights of great visiting interest are the Archaeological museum, Vladislav Varnenchik park museum, the Navy museum and the Ethnographic museum, and also the Dolphinarium, Aquarium and the Seaside Park.
Aladzha Monastery is the most famous rock monastery on the Bulgarian Black sea coast, standing in the immediate proximity to Chaika resort complex. The rock cloister, which is still functioning, is sheltered in a group of caves once naturally formed in the soft limestone sediments on the floor of the ancient Sarmatian Sea which covered the territory of south-eastern Europe about 12 million years ago.
It is supposed that the monastery was established in the Early Christianity period (4th-6th c).
University Botany Garden ECOPARK is a harmonious combination of natural and man-created ecosystems deployed on area of over 360 decars. The collection of trees and bushes includes over 300 species, over 350 species of herbaceous plants, among which of special interest is the irises collection displaying over 260 species. The park breeds horses and everyone willing can enjoy the beautiful scenery in a romantic carriage round.
Balchik, one of the most picturesque and beautiful towns on the Bulgarian Black sea coast, combines the beauty of authentic architecture and unique natural scenery. Its most famous sights are the Queen’s Palace and the Botany Garden – the largest one on the Balkans and the second largest in the world. The Palace is the former summer residence of Romanian queen Maria Alexandrina Victoria de Edinburgh who commissioned the construction of this unique architectural complex in 1924. This piece of paradise enchanted so much the queen that she willed her heart to remain forever here after her death.
The Botany Garden is named Tena Juva (The Quiet Nest). It spreads over an area of 65 decars and more than 2000 plant species collected from all over the world grow here, the most impressive being the garden of large-size succulents.
Sozopol is one of the most ancient settlements on the Bulgarian Black sea coast. The ancient part of the town, spread on a promontory, is a charming place of narrow cobble-stoned streets, authentic architecture and golden beaches, where the atmosphere of the old fishermen’s village still lingers.
At less than one kilometre offshore from the ancient town is Sveti Ivan Isle. It was in this isle where relics of St. John the Baptist were found. In the church Sveti Georgi, separate caskets arranged in a carved-wood reliquary, containing a piece of the Most Holy Crucifix, a particle of the relics of St. Andrew the Protocletus, the relics of St. John the Baptist and a phial containing chrism from the relics of St. Nicholas the Wondermaker are being kept, a reason to call Sozopol the Bulgarian Jerusalem.
Nesebar is a crossing point of myriad civilizations and cultures and the small promontory on which the ancient town of Mesembria stood 3000 years ago has fully preserved its unique authentic look and is included on the USESCO cultural heritage list.
Nesebar is also called “Encyclopaedia of Christian Church Buildings” owing to 44 churches found here so far and the probability to find much more. Other sights of interest are the early Byzantine thermal baths, the fortification walls, the archaeological museum, authentic houses from the Bulgarian Revival period, the famous windmill rising at the entrance to the old town.